The Republic of Cameroon is a Central or West African country, between Nigeria and Congo as well as the Atlantic and the Central African Republic. With 475.000km ² Cameroon is about a third larger than Germany and has about 20,500,000 inhabitants. Capital and seat of government is the second largest city in the country Yaundé. The largest city is the harbor and trading metropolis Douala .
With his three climate zones and diverse geographical factors it is one of the most multifaceted countires in Africa. However, these factors were also the reason for an agricultural overuse of the soil and the exploitation of natural forest resources, mainly by western industrial groups. Added to this is the worldwide climatic change, which efects the agriculture negative aswell.
Because of that there is still great poverty in Cameroon. About 20% of the population life below the poverty line of 2$ per day. The gross domestic product per capita is only 1,268$, compared to the GDP of 44.000$ per person in Germany. The financiall problems cause educaional problems. 25% of the people are still illiterate despite compulsory education. In addition there are famines and population migration, which make the country virtually bleed in some areas. Due to this about 50% of the population live in cities. Furthermore the population is very young. Low life expectancy (51 years, 2008) and a high birth rate (36 per 1,000 persons) mean that 42% of Cameroonians are under 15 years of age and only 4% are over 65 years old. But poverty indicators such as the country specific average years of schooling (5.9), life expectancy or the maternal mortality give only vague information since there are large regional differences. The slogan: „poverty is female“ could be „poverty is femal, rural and lives in the north“ for Cameroon. There are also the communities of Bamenda and Bambui.
One of the biggest medical problms of Africa and especially Cameroon is AIDS. In 2001 around 920.000 persons had been infected with the HI-Virus. 90% of these are in the ages of 15-49. Women make 58% of the infected persons. In 2001 53.000 people died due to AIDS. There are more than 200.000 AIDS orphanes and half orphanes in Cameroon, which are under 15 years of age. Furthermore about 600 pople get infected with the HI-Virus per day.